Uruguay is home to great writers who have conquered their place of importance in American letters . The twentieth century saw important figures consolidate Uruguayan literature , beginning with the award-winning Generation 900, in which writers like Horacio Quiroga , Florencio Sanchez Agustini and Jose Enrique Rodo developed an identity literature . Later generations (like the iconic Generation 45 ) had as referring to Mario Benedetti , Juan Carlos Onetti and ( if later) Eduardo Galeano , representatives of national literature worldwide . For all Montevideo and inner cities are excellent bookshops where access to the best of Uruguayan letters and accompany the trip with good reads native .
Mario Benedetti (1920-2009)
More than 80 books Benedetti up the bibliography of the main Uruguayan ambassador literature in the world , translated into over 20 languages . He was born in Paso de los Toros ( Tacuarembó department ) in 1920 , although as a child he lived in the capital. Buenos Aires , Havana and Madrid were also their cities of residence for political exile in the dictatorship of the seventies. Benedetti began in the letters in the writing of the weekly Marcha, where he served from 1945 to 1974 . He was also a literary critic for publications Marginalia , Number and The Morning. His literary work in all genres : short stories, novels , poetry, essays , drama . His first volume of short stories was this morning and Other Stories ( 1949 ) , followed Montevideanos ( 1959 ) , with and without nostalgia ( 1977 ) , Geographies ( 1984 ) and slips and franchises ( 1989 ) as his most representative works in short stories . His first novel was one of us ( 1953 ), although international recognition came with The Truce (1960 ) , which led to a film version in 1974 , nominated for an Oscar as best foreign film . Thanks for the Fire ( 1965 ) , Juan Angel ‘s Birthday (1971 ), Spring with a broken corner ( 1982 ) , The coffee grounds ( 1992) and Scaffolding ( 1996 ) completed his novelistic production , all works great success. His poetry meets over thirty volumes , which include Everyday , Poems of others, wind The loneliness of exile and Babel. The most significant of his poetry is compiled into Inventory One ( 1963 ) , Inventory Two ( 1994 ) and Inventory Three ( 2003 ) , recommended books that approach the vast creation of the author. The daily portrait Montevideo , exile and engagement with others are some of the issues addressed in literature.
Juan Carlos Onetti (1909-1994)
Innovative and original, Onetti is considered by critics the best Uruguayan writer and one of the greatest modern storytellers in Spanish. Born in Montevideo, Onetti also started his literary work in journalism ( worked in Reuter , March , see and read , Action, Momentum ) . In 1974 he was imprisoned by the dictatorship of Bordaberry . Finally he was exiled in Madrid, where he remained until his death . The Pit ( 1939 ) initiated a vast production of novels , with titles emblematic Nowhere Land ( 1941 ) , La vida breve (1950 ) , The Shipyard ( 1961 ) , Body Snatcher ( 1964 ) , Let’s talk to the wind ( 1979 ) or When and no amount (1993 ) . His novels are collected in two volumes : Works, I. Novels (1939-1954) and Works, II . Novels (1959-1993) , published in 2006 and 2007 respectively. The compiled Works, III . Stories, articles and miscellany (2009 ) brings together his brief . Onetti reading introduces us to a universe pessimistic , as disturbing as it is fascinating , where loneliness , crime and routine are recurring themes.
Eduardo Galeano (1940 – )
Also trained in journalism , Eduardo Galeano is considered one of the most influential American writers and is the author most recognized contemporary Uruguayan border outside . His work is not easily categorized as slashing trial characteristics , narrative, political analysis and historical research , transcending genres in his letter to rescue the memory of Latin America. Eduardo Galeano scaled the sales rankings in 2009 , when Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez gave his U.S. counterpart , Barack Obama , a copy of Open Veins of Latin America during the V Summit of the Americas. This is the masterpiece of Galeano , published in 1971 , which analyzes the history of Latin America through its successive colonization . Since its publication , this text has been a leader in the political literature of the continent. A Open Veins … there is an extensive list of works emblematic Memory of Fire trilogy (1982-1986) , Latin American Chronicles ( 1972 ) , Vagamundo ( 1973 ) , The Book of Embraces ( 1989 ) , errant words (1993 ) and Football in sun and shade (1995 ) . Tireless creator , recently published letter to Mr. Future ( 2007 ) , Mirrors . An almost universal history (2008 ) and The Children of Days ( 2011 ) .