Differences between Spanish and English
Learn the basic grammatical differences between the two languages avoided, largely to make mistakes in using English. Here will be summarized a number of differences between the two languages:
1.-The adjective and the definite article (el, la, los, las) in English are invariable from the point of view of grammatical gender (masculine or feminine) and number (singular or plural).
The tall boy el chico alto
The tall girl la chica alta
The tall boys los chicos altos
The tall girls las chicas altas
(as you can see, unlike the English, Spanish is changed to Article gender and number as the noun and adjective which they accompany.)
The = el, la, los, las
tall = alto, alta, altos, altas
3.-The English adjective usually precedes the noun it is describing while Spanish is behind the name.
My white cat Mi gato blanco
I am tall soy alto/a
5.-English object pronouns always go after the verb while in Spanish always go before the verb.
I told him Le dije
6.-You English is used both to refer you to you and to you.
You are from England Tú eres de Inglaterra o Usted es de Inglaterra
7.-verbs in English. Unlike the Spanish, in which all individuals are combined verbal, the verb has only one conjugation. To form the infinitive is used the particle ‘to’ that precedes the verb:
To play / jugar
The present tense is formed with the infinitive without to. All people have the same shape, except the third person singular (in which you add a ‘-s’ to the infinitive).
I play yo juego
You play tú juegas
He / She / It plays él, ella, ello juega
We play nosotros jugamos
You play vosotros jugáis
They play ellos juegan
In the past not even put the ‘-s’ to the third person singular
I played yo jugué
you played tú jugaste
he/she/it played él/ella/ello jugó
we played nosotros jugamos
you played vosotros jugásteis
they played ellos jugaron
8.-Shift. The names of nationalities, languages, dela days week, months of the year are capitalized in English, while in Spanish no. The station names are written in lowercase when used in a general way.
I, the English pronoun I is always capitalized.
9.-signs score. Question marks and admiration in English only placed at the end of the sentence.
10.-The English Pronunciation variable. One big difference you’ll find is in the pronunciation of English, as the same letters and letter combinations in words can be pronounced differently from word to word. A little hard to believe but true. While in Spanish when you see a group of letters in a word can be 99% sure on how to pronounce the word – with English there are cases of difference.
There are also English sounds that do not exist in Spanish and vice versa, for example there are 12 English vowel sounds in Spanish while just 5 and, with respect to the consonants, certain phonemes that sound alike despite written so eg identical b, p, t, h, g, v, z, etc..
Besides English ñ there is no
11.-The order of the words in the sentence. The order of words in a sentence in English can vary the order in Spanish. In English the word order is more important – not allowed to change the order so much.
For a positive declarative sentence the following scheme is very useful:
Subject + (frequency adverb if any) + verb + c. indirect + c. Direct + D.C. + mode D.C. location + D.C. time
I solved the problem quickly at home yesterday
S—V——C.D. ——–C.C.M. — C.C.L. —C.C.T.